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STBCP: An Energy Efficient Sub-threshold Bee Colony-based Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks


Ghazaleh Kia and Alireza Hassanzadeh*   Pages 1 - 11 ( 11 )


Background & Objective: In this paper, a new energy efficient LEACH-based protocol for wireless sensor network is presented. One of the main issues in Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) is the battery consumption. In fact, changing batteries is a time consuming task and expensive. It is even impossible in many remote WSNs. The main goal of the presented protocol is to decrease the energy consumption of each node and increase the network lifetime. Lower power consumption results in longer battery lifetime. This protocol takes the advantage of sub-threshold technique and bee colony algorithm in order to optimize the energy consumption of a WSN. Simulation results show that the energy consumption of the wireless sensor network reduces by 25 percent using STBCP in comparison with recent LEACH-based protocols. It has been shown that the average energy of the network remains balanced and the distribution of residual energy in each round is equitable.

Conclusion: In addition, the lifetime of a network using STBCP protocol has been increased by 23 percent regarding recently presented routing protocols.


Energy optimization, LEACH Protocol, Wireless Sensor Network, Bee Colony, Network Lifetime., Energy variance


Electrical Engineering Dept., Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Electrical Engineering Dept., Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran

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