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Routing algorithm based on clustering for increasing the lifetime of sensor networks using Meta-heuristic bee algorithms

Author(s):

Mohammad Sedighimanesh*, Hesam Zand Hesami and Ali Sedighimanesh  

Abstract:


Nowadays, the use of wireless sensor networks is developing rapidly. these networks are applicable in many fields, including military, medical, and environment. These networks use hundreds or thousands of cheap sensor nodes with low power-low and low energy to perform large tasks. These networks have limitations that can lead to inefficiency or not cost - effective. among these limitations, consumption of energy and issues related to the lifetime of the network. One of the solutions that can assist the load balancing between sensor nodes, increased scalability, improving energy consumption and consequently, increasing network lifetime, clustering of sensor nodes and placing an appropriate cluster head in each cluster. Choosing the right cluster head significantly reduces energy consumption in the network and increases network lifetime.

The purpose of this paper is to increase network lifetime by using the efficient clustering algorithm, which is used in Meta-heuristic bee colony to select the cluster head. Simulation of this paper is performed by MATLB software and the proposed method is compared with LEACH and GACR method. The simulation results show that the study area has significantly increased the length of the network lifetime by LEACH and GACR algorithms. Due to the limitation of energy in the wireless sensor network, such solutions and use of Meta-heuristic algorithms can lead to a significant increase in network lifetime.

Keywords:

Index Term: wireless sensor network, routing and clustering algorithms, bee algorithm

Affiliation:

Young Researchers and Elite Club, Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Department of Industrial Management, Qazvin Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qazvin, Young Researchers and Elite Club, Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran



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